Stalking is a major concern all across the globe and with the advancement in technology digital forms of stalking has become one of the serious issues. Some of the common platforms used by cyber stalkers are Emails, Blogs, Websites, Facebook, Twitter etc.., Cyberstalking is a criminal offense in many states and California was the first state to enact a specific stalking law in the year 1990. Since that time, all the 50 states has enacted stalking laws.
According to Rhode Island Cyber law, section 11-52-4.2 extensively addresses the cyberstalking and cyberharassment issues. Any individual using internet or any other electronic device to contact any person for the sole reason of seriously alarming, annoying or bothering the person with no legitimate purpose is defined as the cyberstalking or cyberharrasment as per the section 11-52-4.2. Series of actions performed over a period of time that would cause a reasonable person to suffer substantial emotional distress, or be in fear of bodily injury is also termed as cyberstalking or cyberharassment according to § 11-52-4.2.
Cyberstalking and Cyberharassment charges can impact reputation, employment, and also freedom. Individual who intentionally cyberstalks are charged with first misdemeanor offense under RI law. Accused can be charged with an imprisonment of a year and a fine up to 500$. A second or subsequent conviction can be charged as felony. Felony offense can be punishable by imprisonment for not more than 2 years or by a fine of more than 6000$ or both. According to the Rhode Island restraining order, section 11-52-4.3 a subsequent conviction of felony can also be charged with imprisonment for not more than 5 years, by a fine of 10,000$ or both. Stalking law is strictly enforced in Rhode Island. In addition to the mentioned penalties, individuals who are convicted under RI cyber stalking law will also be stripped from their gun rights.
Pranitha – Cyberstalking refers to harassment over the internet(world wide web) utilizing diverse modes of transmission including electronic mail (e-mail), chat rooms, newsgroups, mail chains. Cyberstalkers typically have a tendency to attain personal facts pertaining to their victims, together with home addresses, mobile and domestic phone numbers and commonly harass the victims. To save such acts Cyberspace law is developing daily which encompasses all instances and constitutional provisions that impact human beings with many groups in cyberspace globally. The distinct additives of cyberspace law often encompass jurisdiction and freedom of expression.
Cyberstalking in the main may be charged and falls under New Jersey’s cyber harassment regulation when the crime includes generally the movements which take region in a digital format this is supposed to annoy the sufferer. This crime kind of crime may be described as making threats to inflict injury or harm on the victim or the sufferer’s property, and knowingly/intentionally sending substances intended to emotionally disturb the sufferer or put the sufferer in high quantity of fear of physical or emotional damage which can be directed in opposition to the sufferer. Few instances encompass posting abusive messages and posts on a social media platform or sending threatening textual content messages to a sufferer which might emotionally hassle them.
Stalking is a crime of the fourth degree but increases to a crime of the third degree when the offense occurs in violation of a restraining or similar court order so more awareness about it must be spread by Organizations and government to prevent it.
Attacks on our national infrastructure are already happening. And the expectation is that they will continue to increase at an accelerated rate. For this week’s discussion, we’ll cover threats to our nation’s pipelines. To get started, read this article:
After reading the article, start a discussion thread and discuss how the types of threats discussed in the article could impact our economy, and how implementing Diversity and Commonality (as discussed in chapters 5) could help mitigate these threats.
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