In Western societies, parents typically scaffold their young children’s mastery of challenging tasks, communicating with the child in a way that resembles the teaching that occurs in school. But in cultures that place less emphasis on schooling and literacy, children may be expected to take greater responsibility for acquiring new skills through observation and participation in community activities, as described in the Cultural Influences box on text page 188.

  1. In Western societies, parents typically scaffold their young children’s mastery of challenging tasks, communicating with the child in a way that resembles the teaching that occurs in school. But in cultures that place less emphasis on schooling and literacy, children may be expected to take greater responsibility for acquiring new skills through observation and participation in community activities, as described in the Cultural Influences box on text page 188.
  • Give examples of how culture influences young children’s cognitive development.
  • Why is it important to consider cultural influences when conducting research with human subjects?
 
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